IVF - In Vitro Fertilisation
With IVF, a method of assisted reproduction, a man's sperm and the woman's egg are combined in a laboratory dish, where fertilization occurs. The first test tube baby was born in England in 1978. The field of Artificial Reproductive Technology (ART) has been developing constantly and is currently implemented for infertility resulting from blocked tubes, adhesions around the uterus and ovaries, endometriosis, factor in the male, problems with the immune system and unexplained factors. Initially one or two eggs that develop in a natural cycle were removed with laparoscopy from the ovaries. Now with the aid of drugs which can make it possible for the woman to produce 8-9 eggs, the success rates have gone up markedly
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection - ICSI
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection held by a single sperm under the microscope, special glass needles, to be injected into the cytoplasm of the egg technique. English phrase refers to intracytoplasmic sperm injection. With this method, the first pregnancy was obtained in 1992 and has revolutionized the male factor infertility.